When it comes to network security, experts use network penetration testing to find places a hacker could exploit in various systems, networks, network devices and hosts. They look for ways a hacker could compromise a company, gain access to sensitive data or gain unauthorized access to it. Physical penetration testing measures the strength of an organization’s existing security controls. They can overcome physical barriers such as sensors, cameras and locks to gain physical access to sensitive business areas. Penetration testers, also known as pen testers, help organizations identify and remediate security vulnerabilities affecting their digital assets and computer networks. Some professionals work in permanent organizations as part of internal cybersecurity or information technology teams.
This type of penetration testing evaluates the development, design and coding of your website or web application to find areas that expose sensitive customer information or company data. For example, some employers intend for penetration testing to uncover exploits from the position of a hacker, user or IT administrator with high access privileges. Therefore, the information gathering aspect of network penetration testing can vary widely.
They go to great lengths to abuse, misuse and exploit systems that are considered vulnerable. RedTeam Security’s penetration testers cover all networks, devices, physical controls and human interactions, documenting all potential vulnerabilities that pose a risk to an organization’s security posture. Understanding this fundamental aspect is critical to learning network penetration testing skills. While penetration testing is beneficial for various systems, networks are especially critical to secure and protect.
Enterprises and large organizations have extensive attack surfaces, and with a large number of employees in remote locations, these attack surfaces become even larger and the risk of a malicious attack even greater. According to author Royce Davis, network penetration testing can help secure these networks. Penetration testers who want to penetrate a system are part of what is known as the red team. Red team members are offensive security professionals responsible for testing the organization’s defenses. The red team identifies attack opportunities that can compromise your security and expose your vulnerabilities by using real-world attack techniques.
For example, PCI DSS mandates that companies handling large volumes of transactions must conduct annual and periodic penetration tests. In addition, the detailed reports that come out of penetration testing can help companies improve their security controls and demonstrate ongoing due diligence to auditors. It is important to understand the different types of network penetration testing that can be performed by both a penetration tester and a business owner, as they all offer specific benefits to businesses. Your industry and regulatory compliance may dictate a certain level of penetration testing.
The distribution comes with several security tools pre-installed, configured and ready to use. When one goes to the Backtrack link, one can choose between an .iso image and a VMware image. Grey Box’s approach to penetration testing is based on a network’s penetration testing internal information, including technical documents, user credentials and more. Based on the internal information collected, a sophisticated network attack can be launched to determine what can happen if hackers gain access to sensitive information.
This step of the testing involves determining the potential impact of exploiting a vulnerability by exploiting access privileges. Once they gain a foothold on a system, penetration testers must maintain access and sustain the simulated attack long enough to reach and replicate the malicious hackers’ targets. Therefore, in this phase of pentesting, we try to gain the maximum amount of privileges, network information, and access to as many systems as possible and find out what data and/or services are available to us. For example, a penetration tester might violate physical security controls and procedures to hack into a network, steal devices, intercept confidential information, or disrupt communications.